Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Sea Skua

Manufacturer : British Aerospace Dynamics (now MBDA)


Weight 145 kg
Length 2.5 m
Diameter 0.25 m


Warhead 28 kg
Detonation mechanism: Impact Fuze, delayed detonation.

Engine Solid fuel booster and solid fuel sustainer

Wingspan 0.72 m

Operational range 25 km

Flight ceiling ?

Speed Mach 0.8 +

system Semi-active radar

system Control surfaces

platform Helicopter launched/ land platform

The Royal Navy planned to end its Sea Skua service by the year 2012 to 2014 and intended to replace it with Future Anti Guided Weapon.

Monday, December 22, 2008

G 36

Units that are using rifle G35:
*Malaysian Army Grup Gerak Khas 11th Counter Terrorist Regiment
*Royal Malaysian Police Pasukan Gerakan Khas Counter-terrorist unit (G36C)
*Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (G36E).

Check these videos out:

Wednesday, December 10, 2008

Dokumentari Pertahanan Udara Negara

Berikut merupakan sedutan dokumentari dari Majalah 3, TV3 mengenai jet-jet utama yang mempertahankan kedaulatan udara negara.

p/s I 'm still searching video about our migs... maybe the information is too classified.

Tuesday, December 9, 2008

HK 416

The army should use this rifle. This is a version of M4 but upgraded by HECKLER & KOCH.

Thursday, December 4, 2008

The Concept Of Gas Imigement In AR15

Above is a video on AR15 rifle tested firing after submerged from underwater. It is said that rifle explode because it did not use piston driven as AK's.

AR15 or Armalite 15 is a prototype rifle for M16 and M4.

M16 & M4 used the same mechanism what we called a direct gas impingement. The basic concept is when firing a bullet, it will cause a high pressure gas which that gas pressure is used to operate the mechanical inside the rifle.

1.Some of the gas is being trapped and flowed back through a gas tube.

2.Then the high pressure gas pushed the bolt the bolt and carrier backward
towards the rifle butt.

3.As it moves the bolt begins to turn and unlock from the barrel extension.

4.When it is fully unlocked it begins its rearward movement along with the bolt carrier.

5.The cam pin is part of the bolt's rotation as it follows a groove cut into the carrier that twists and forces the bolt to unlock. Once the bolt is unlocked, the bolt carrier and bolt continue to move toward the butt of the gun and the new bullet from magazine is extracted while the empty case is ejected .

6.Behind the bolt carrier is a plastic or metal buffer which rests in line with a return spring that pushes the bolt carrier back toward the chamber.

7.A groove machined into the upper receiver traps the cam pin and prevents it and the bolt from rotating into a closed position.

8. The bolt's locking lugs then push a fresh round from the magazine which is guided by feed ramps into the chamber. As the bolt's locking lugs move past the barrel extension, the cam pin is allowed to twist into a pocket milled into the upper receiver. This twisting action follows the groove cut into the carrier and forces the bolt to twist and “lock” into the barrel’s extension

The conclusion is do not fire a waterlogged AR15.

(referance: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AR-15)


Weapons officials at the Army Test and Evaluation Command at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., exposed Colt Defense LLC™s M4, along with the Heckler & Koch XM8, FNH USA™s Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle and the H&K 416 to sandstorm conditions from late September to late November, firing 6,000 rounds through each test weapon.

When the test was completed, ATEC officials found that the M4 performed significantly worse than the other three weapons, sources told Army Times.

Officials tested 10 each of the four carbine models, firing a total of 60,000 rounds per model. Here™s how they ranked, according to the total number of times each model stopped firing:

* XM8: 127 stoppages.
* MK16 SCAR Light: 226 stoppages.
* 416: 233 stoppages.
* M4: 882 stoppages.

The results of the test were a wake-up call, but Army officials continue to stand by the current carbine, said Brig. Gen. Mark Brown, commander of Program Executive Office Soldier, the command that is responsible for equipping soldiers.

(The article is from http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2007/12/19/m4-beaten-by-piston-carbines/)


Technical description.

The Steyr AUG is a gas operated, magazine fed, selective fire rifle of bullpup layout.

AUG is built around the aluminium casting receiver, with steel reinforcement inserts. One such insert is used to provide the locking to the removable barrels and the rotating bolt, thus relieving the receiver from most of the firing stress. Other inserts are used as a bearings for the bolt carrier guide rods.

The AUG uses a short piston stroke, gas operated action, with the gas piston mounted inside the compact gas block, which is fixed to the barrel. The gas cylinder is offset to the right from the barrel. Gas piston has its own return spring, contained inside the gas block. The gas system features a three positions gas regulator, which allows for two open positions (for normal and fouled conditions) and one closed position (for launching the rifle grenades). The gas block also contains a barrel fix / release lock and a front grip hinge. Each barrel has eight lugs, that lock into the steel insert in the receiver, and there's four basic barrel patterns for the AUG: standard rifle barrel is 508 mm (~20 in) long. "Compact" or "Submachine gun" barrel is 350 mm (13.8 in) long, "Carbine" barrel is 407 mm (16 in) long, and the heavy / LMG (light machine gun) barrel is 621 mm (24.4 in) long. On each rifle barrels can be exchanged in the matter of seconds. Each barrel is fitted with the flash hider, and the heavy 621 mm barrel also is fitted with lightweight folding bipods. There's no bayonet lug on Austrian service rifles, but it can be installed if required.

Barrel replacement procedure, as noted above, takes only few seconds (assuming that the shooter has the spare barrel handy). To remove the barrel, one must take off the magazine, and clear the rifle by operating the cocking handle. Then, grasp the barrel by the front grip, push the barrel retaining button at the gas block, and rotate the barrel and pull it out of the rifle. To install a new barrel, simply push the barrel down into the front of the receiver all the way and then rotate it until it locks. The rifle now is ready to be loaded and fired.

The bolt system consists of the bolt carrier, which has two large hollow guide rods, attached to its forward part. The left rod also serves as a link to the charging handle, and the right rod serves as the action rod, which transmits the impulse from the gas piston to the bolt carrier. The rotating bolt has 7 locking lugs, claw extractor and a plunger-type spring loaded ejector. Standard bolt has its extractor on the right side, to facilitate right-side ejection, but the left-side bolts (with mirrored positions of extractor and ejector) are available for those who need left-side ejection. The two return springs are located behind the bolt carrier, around the two string guide rods, that are located inside the bolt carrier guide rods. The cocking handle is located at the left side of the gun and normally does not reciprocate when gun is fired, but it can be solidly engaged to the bolt group if required by depressing the small button on the charging handle. On the latest AUG A2 variant, the charging handle was made folding up and of slightly different shape. The AUG action features a bolt stop device, that holds the bolt group open after the last round of ammunition from the magazine is fired. To release the bolt after the magazine replacement, one must pull the charging handle.

The hammer unit is made as a separate assembly and almost entirely of plastic (including the hammer itself). Only springs and pins are steel. The hammer unit is located in the butt and is linked to the sliding trigger by the dual trigger bars. The safety is of the cross-bolt, push-button type and located above the pistol grip. There's no separate fire mode selector on the AUG rifles. Instead, the trigger itself is used to control the mode of fire. Pulling it half the way back will produce single shots, while the full pull will produce automatic fire. The enlarged triggerguard encloses the whole hand and allows the gun to be fired in winter gloves or mittens.

The standard sighting equipment of the Steyr AUG rifle is the 1.5X telescope sight, with aiming reticle made as a circle. This circle is so dimensioned so its visible inner diameter is equal to the visible height of the standing man at 300 meters range. The adjustment knobs on the sight are used only for zeroing. The sight housing, which is integral to the receiver on the AUG A1 models, also features an emergency backup iron sights at the top of the telescope sight housing. Some early production AUG rifles of A1 pattern were fitted with receivers that had an integral scope mounts. On the AUG A2 models, the standard scope mount can be quickly removed and replaced by the Picatinny-type mounting rail.

The housing of the AUG rifles, integral with the pistol handle and triggerguard, is made from the high impact-resistant polymer, and is usually of green (military) or black (police) colour. The housing has two symmetrical ejection ports, one of which is always covered by the plastic cover. The rubber-coated buttplate is detachable and, when removed, opens the access to the rifle internals, including the hammer unit and the bolt group. The buttplate is held in position by the cross-pin, which also serves a s a rear sling swivel attachment point.

The AUG is fed from the detachable box magazines, that hold 30 (standard rifle) or 42 (light machine gun) rounds. The magazines are made from semi-translucent, strong polymer. The magazine release button is located behind the magazine port and is completely ambidextrous (some said that it is equally NOT comfortable for either hand use).

Caliber: 5.56mm NATO (.223rem)
Action: Gas operated, rotating bolt
Overall length: 805 mm (with standard 508 mm barrel)
Barrel length: 508 mm (also 350 mm SMG, 407 mm Carbine or 621 mm LMG heavy barrel)
Weight: 3.8 kg unloaded (with standard 508 mm barrel)
Magazines: 30 or 42 rounds box magazines
Rate of fire: 650 rounds per minute
Effective range of fire: 450-500 meters with standard assault rifle barrel

p/s Steyr AUG A1 is standard rifle used by Malaysian Army but now slowly being replaced by M4.

(this article is a copy from http://world.guns.ru/assault/as20-e.htm)

M16A(5.56mm) vs AK-74 (5.45mm)

Taken from youtube.